1.How can I change the sentence
‘Jumlah pelancong ke Singapura meningkat 20.7 peratus ke 950,000’
into a transitive but not a passive question?
Ans: Jumlah pelancong ke Singapura naik 20.7 peratus ke…
2. But I can’t ask naik ‘apa’. but i will have to ask naik ‘berapa’ right?
so how is this a transtive sentence?
Note that naik is stronger than meningkat because
meningkat is a derived verb: meN + tingkat; naik stands alone.
The test on the difference also shows that naik is testable with apa.
Naik apa? Vs. *meningkat apa?
We can say naik kereta to the test.
There seems no answer for meningkat in the test.
That is why i offer naik when you asked
for a transitive version to meningkat.
Things become tricky with a value
…naik 20%; its transitivity is weakened.
The reason as told is due to value bringing abstractness
that is bound with berapa as a grammar norm.
Berapa X; whereby X is a value or number.
Hence, we may say that
Jumlah pelancong ke Singapura naik 20%
is more transitive than
Jumlah pelancong ke Singapura meningkat 20%.
This concurs with the findings published in Language 1980 that
transitivity is a matter of degree not a straight forward phenomenon.
There is little clear-cut division in humanities, is there?
Hence fate, fortune-telling, karma and other fluid concepts
are used to relieve the discomfort of everyday arbitrariness.
terima kasih dan soalan daripada Cik Loshini